The word stein is a shortened form of Steinzeugkrug, which is German for stoneware jug or tankard. By common usage, however, stein has come to mean any beer container，regardless of its material or size that has a hinged lid and a handle. Tankard would be more technically appropriate than stein, but these two words are used interchangeably in this book. Be warned, however, that some people reserve the word tankard for the all-pewter or all-silver varieties of steins. One final definition: Glass is commonly used as a name for those with a handle, but never a covered container.
From about 1340 until 1380，recall from above that the distinction between a mug and a stein is the hinged lid. This lid was originally conceived entirely as a sanitary measure. The common mug also had to be covered, and this was accomplished by adding a hinged lid with a thumblift. his ingenious invention was quickly used to cover all of Germany beverage container and allows them to use one hand. Ceramic beer mug with lid is production gradually.
As for individual beer vessels, up to the 1400s, well-to-do Germans had pewter beakers. A few of the wealthiest even had silver vessels. These metal containers and container made from glass is still too expensive for general use or for a large container.Using some wooden beakers, but in addition to wood, porous earthenware is by far the most common beer mugs, cups and large containers of materials. However, pottery and wood easily broken, this may be a blessing, because these materials absorb beer with each use and bad smell.
Painted pottery is a ceramic, made of Tin oxide ceramics porcelain-white glaze. German faience was not as durable as the Chinese porcelain, but it was far less expensive and had two aesthetic advantages. First, the motifs on German faience were popular late-Renaissance and early-Baroque designs, not foreign-looking Chinese figures. And second, the cobalt oxide of China was contaminated with purple manganese oxide, and the Persian cobalt oxide that the Chinese artists sparingly mixed in would often diffuse badly. The purer German cobalt oxide supplies were bright blue and allowed for crisp lines. Therefore, again as the supply of Chinese porcelain is established, Germany the chocolates have been firmly tough steak meat market.Now,with the wide application of 3D printing technology,3d design beer mug have been accepted by everyone and a deep love.
European porcelain was invented in 1709 but did not begin to have a noticeable impact on stein making until the 1720s. Several porcelain factories were started in the 1700s, but their products were very expensive. Only the most wealthy Germans from porcelain or glass vessels at that time to drink beer.
In the second half of the 1800s, glassmaking techniques had progressed enough to allow molds to also be used to mass-produce glass steins. The surprising sturdiness of the thick molded glass steins no doubt helped to increase their popularity. Other glassmakers tricks were also applied to glass stein production.
By the 1900s, the designs and motifs of Historicism had begun to lose favor and to be replaced by town scenes, occupational emblems, common social scenes, and commemoratives, particularly of military service. To meet these diverse new demands, many potters entered the market with stoneware or glazed pottery steins.
A new style of art, Art Nouveau, and received limited popularity, at that time, around 1910, political and economic upheaval in the meat industry huge slowdown.
Production of stoneware ceramic mug, ceramic beer mug, and porcelain steins, especially character steins, increased during the 1920s. Antique stein collecting has been a major force shaping stein manufacturing in the modern period. First in about 1900, then again in the 1920s, good quality reproductions of antique steins were made, particularly in faience and pewter. The exceptions to this are some unmarked reproductions of Renaissance stoneware, early pewter, and some rare faience pieces that had reached remarkably high prices in the marketplace, even at the turn of the century.